#### Chapter 6 Elementary Functions

Section 6.2 Linear Functions and Polynomials

# 6.2.4 Linear Affine Functions

Combining linear functions with constant functions results in so-called linear affine functions. These are the sum of a linear function and a constant function. Generally, without any specification for the slope ($m\in ℝ$) this is written as follows:

$f:\mathrm{ }\left\{\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill ℝ& \hfill \to \hfill & ℝ\hfill \\ \hfill x& \hfill ⟼\hfill & mx+c .\hfill \end{array}$ The graphs of linear affine functions are also called lines. For linear affine functions, the constant $m$ is still called slope, and the constant $c\in ℝ$ is called $y$-intercept. The reason for this term is as follows: if the intersection point of the graph of the linear affine function with the vertical axis is considered, then this point has the distance $c$ from the origin (see figure above). So, for the linear affine function shown in the figure below

$f:\mathrm{ }\left\{\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill ℝ& \hfill \to \hfill & ℝ\hfill \\ \hfill x& \hfill ⟼\hfill & -2x-1\hfill \end{array}$ we have the slope $m=-2$ and the $y$-intercept $c=-1$. The $y$-intercept is the value of the function at $x=0$ and hence given by

$c=f\left(0\right)=-2·0-1=-1 .$

##### Exercise 6.2.4
Find the slope and the $y$-intercept of the function

$f:\mathrm{ }\left\{\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill ℝ& \hfill \to \hfill & ℝ\hfill \\ \hfill x& \hfill ⟼\hfill & \pi x-42 .\hfill \end{array}$

##### Exercise 6.2.5
Which functions are the linear affine functions that have slope $m=0$, and which are the ones with $y$-intercept $c=0$?